Reconstruction of Automobile Destruction
Many of the early studies of memory demonstrated how memories are not accurate records of our experiences. Elizabeth Loftus is a leading figure in the field of eyewitness testimony research and has demonstrated through the use of leading questions how it is possible to distort a person’s memory of an event.
Using video clips of car crashes she attempted to show how something as simple as changing the verb in a sentence (how fast where the cars going when they ____ each other) could distrote and influence a participants memory. Even though her first experiment was flawed, following her second attempt she suggests that memory can be influenced by leading questions and puts forward the reconstructive-memory hypothesis. Read more about the study here.
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Other Loftus & Palmer Resources
- To see the full text of Loftus and Palmer go to full text articles.
- PsychExchange resrouces related to Loftus & Pamler.
- PsychClips videos about Loftus & Palmer.
- Learn and revise the Loftus & Palmer study with Holah.